FAQR - Food Aid Quality Review
The United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Food for Peace program awarded grant of approximately US $1.5 million to Tufts University's Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy to examine the nutritional needs of beneficiary populations across the developing world, and the nutrition quality of commodities currently available to meet those needs. USAID, through funding provided by Public Law 480 (Title II), makes commodity donations to address the needs of undernourished and food insecure families through five-year development projects and in the context of emergency food assistance programs. Populations of concern include orphans and vulnerable children, undernourished pregnant and lactating women, students in grades K-8, food insecure adolescents and adults, and persons living with HIV/AIDS.
As part of its on-going efforts to improve the quality of food aid operations, USAID tasked the Friedman School to review the state of science as it relates to the nutritional needs of these groups of vulnerable people, while considering current vitamin and mineral enrichment and fortification technologies and methods for the delivery of micronutrients in the form of supplements or powders.
Over the course of two years, the goal was to produce recommendations on how to cost-effectively meet the nutritional needs of Title II beneficiary populations with US food aid commodities. The work, engaging half a dozen Tufts faculty with appropriate expertise as well as a dozen collaborators globally, entails production of several technical briefing papers involving multiple authors based around the world, on the following topics:
Review of past recommendations and their implementation to date,
Enrichment and fortification in USAID activities and in Title II Commodities,
Recommendations to improve Title II enrichment and fortification formulations,
Food aid and nutritional support for people living with HIV.
A final report included an expanded executive summary of the findings and recommendations of all four working papers, and recommendations for next steps and implementation of these recommendations. The report also included description of a process for periodic and ongoing review of the nutritional quality of P.L. 480 Title II food aid commodities.