This course uses gender as a key analytical tool to examine states and societies transitioning from armed conflict or other large-scale social and political upheaval. It explores key gender dimensions of such transitions and their implications for states, societies, and citizens, including those that have moved toward more democratic forms of governance and those that transitioned (or appear to be transitioning) into more authoritarian or fundamentalist regimes. The course will balance a population-focused approach (examining the evolving roles, expectations, norms and positions for both men and women, and to a lesser extent boys and girls) with an analysis of the health, humanitarian, development security, and justice/legal sectors. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and instructor consent. This course is crosslisted with Fletcher (D231).